Is UK Replacing Migrants With Robots? UK Makes Major Announcements


The UK government has unveiled a comprehensive plan to tackle labor shortages in the food supply chain, aiming to reduce reliance on migrant workers while ensuring short-term stability for farms. This multi-pronged approach combines an extension of the seasonal worker visa route, investment in automation technologies, and initiatives to attract domestic workers.

Key Measures Announced

  • Extension of Seasonal Worker Visa Route: Recognizing the need for time to transition, the government will extend the seasonal worker visa route for five years, until 2029. This provides businesses with the stability they need to invest in automation and explore alternative labor sources.
  • Increased Visa Availability: To address immediate needs, 43,000 visas will be available to the horticulture sector in 2025, with an additional 2,000 allocated to the poultry sector. Details regarding visa quotas for subsequent years will be announced later in 2024.
  • Investment in Automation Technology: £50 million will be dedicated to funding the development and implementation of fully automated packhouses. This initial investment will pave the way for wider automation across the industry, ultimately reducing reliance on migrant labor.
  • Focus on Domestic Workers: The government plans to enhance the attractiveness of agricultural jobs for British workers. This includes regional recruitment strategies, fostering collaboration between industry, education providers, and government, and improving skill development programs.

Addressing the Extension Paradox

The extension of the seasonal worker visa program, seemingly contradictory to the goal of reducing migrant labor, serves a crucial purpose. It provides farms with the necessary workforce during the transition period while automation technologies are developed and implemented. The Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) is currently reviewing the seasonal worker visa route, and their findings expected in summer 2024 may influence future adjustments to the program.

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Overall Impact


This comprehensive strategy tackles the food industry’s labor shortage from multiple angles. The extension of the seasonal worker visa offers temporary relief, while the investment in automation sets the stage for long-term, sustainable solutions. Initiatives aimed at attracting domestic workers will further strengthen the industry’s workforce. While the rationale behind extending the visa program requires further clarification, the government’s overall approach demonstrates a commitment to securing a robust and future-proof food supply chain.

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